Setup for Installment Loans

Galileo’s installment loans products enable clients to offer consumer and business customers loans for purchases. When you set up an installment loans product, you work with Galileo to configure loan subproducts that have varying terms, interest rates, fees, payments, and other settings, according to your business requirements.

This guide describes the requirements for standing up a lending program, as well as the configuration options for loan subproducts.

Acquire a lending license

You and/or your partner bank must be appropriately licensed for each state where you intend to loan funds. You should also be familiar with lending regulations and consumer protection, such as Regulation Z, state lending laws, and the Fair Credit Reporting Act. If you don’t have a lending license, your partner bank typically will.

Handle debt facility

You will need a debt facility to supply the capital for the loans. This may or may not be your bank partner.

Manage customer records

You are responsible for ensuring that any customer that you wish to create loans for has a DDA account with Galileo. If the customer does not have a DDA, they will need to create one. In addition, you must ensure that the customer records that exist on Galileo include:

  • First Name
  • Last Name
  • SSN
  • Date of Birth
  • Address
  • City
  • State
  • Postal Code
  • Country Code
  • Business Name (for SMB Loans)

When you create a loan, we will use these attributes on the loans, so they cannot be empty.

Determine fees and repayment schedule

You are responsible for handling all aspects of the loan, including approval, interest rates, term length, installment fees, and fee collection. These are configured by the loan subproducts for your installment loan product. See the Assign installment loan subproducts for more details on subproducts.

Establish money movement rules

You are responsible for determining the money movement rules. This includes:

  • Recording disbursements to move money from the lending bank to the DDA bank.
  • Processing payments from an external account.
  • Design logic for handling outstanding loans in case of merchant credits, returns, etc.

Simulate loan offerings

You determine if you want to simulate the different loan offerings to the customers before they accept the terms. This allows customers to compare the different APRs and loan terms, and empowers them to make an informed decision about the loan offerings.

Assign installment loan subproducts

You can configure installment loan subproducts to customize your installment loan offerings. Each subproduct is assigned a unique subproduct ID that you will send to Galileo when you create a loan. You work with Galileo directly to set up the subproducts for your offering.

This table lists configuration options for loan subproducts, including a description and possible values for each option.

Interest ratePercentageSpecifies the interest rate for the loan, between 0% and 35%. There is a separate calculated Military APR (MAPR) that may be higher than the APR. If the MAPR exceeds 36%, the loan simulation will be rejected.
Loan amountMinimum and maximum dollar amount for the loanSpecifies the range of valid dollar amounts for the loan.
Has origination feeYes or NoControls whether the subproduct has an origination fee. An origination fee is charged at the creation of the loan. The origination fee is added to the total loan amount and is financed instead of charged separately.
Origination fee typeFixed or PercentageSpecifies whether the origination fee is a fixed dollar amount or a percentage of the loan. This setting is only valid when there is an origination fee.
Installment feePercentageSpecifies the installment fee assessed on the total loan amount at the start of the loan. The rate is multiplied by the total loan amount and divided across the number of installments.
Has late feeYes or NoControls whether a late fee is applied to the loan balance when a payment is missed. You can specify a grace period during which a late fee is not charged. When this is set to No, a late fee is never applied.
Late feeDollar amountSpecifies the dollar amount for the late fee applied to the loan balance when a payment is missed. States have different rules about the maximum late fee that may be applied. Therefore, the late fee for the subproduct should not exceed the lowest maximum late fee for the group of states where you intend to offer loans.
Grace periodNumber of daysControls the number of days in the grace period. When a payment is missed, a late fee is applied to the loan only after the grace period ends. If the grace period is 0 days, the late fee is applied to the loan immediately after a payment is missed.
TermMinimum and maximum term lengthSpecifies the range of valid term lengths for the loan. Use in conjunction with the Term product subproduct to indicate whether this number is years, months, weeks, or days.
Term productYears, Months, Weeks, or DaysSpecifies whether the term unit for the loan is years, months, weeks, or days. Use in conjunction with the Term subproduct to specify the minimum and maximum term length.
Subproduct nameFull name of the subproductContains a description of the subproduct.
Subproduct short nameDescription of the subproductContains the name of the subproduct.
Accrual methodActual/365 or Actual/360Specifies the number of days in the year for calculating actual interest accrual. Default is Actual/365.
First payment due dateNumber of daysSpecifies the number of days after loan creation that the payment is due. This is typically set to 30 days to align with the customer’s billing cycle.
Number of paymentsMinimum and maximum payment countSpecifies the number of days after loan creation that the payment is due. Specifies the minimum and maximum number of payments that the customer will make during the term of the loan.